Aims: Many people with depression may be undiagnosed and thus untreated. We sought to assess the prevalence and correlates of undiagnosed depression among adults with diabetes.
Methods: Data of U.S. adults from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2006 were analyzed. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of correlates for undiagnosed depression.
Results: The unadjusted and age-adjusted prevalences of undiagnosed depression were 8.7% and 9.2%. About 45% of diabetes patients with depression were undiagnosed. After adjustments for all correlates, female gender (PR, 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1-1.8), poor or fair health (PR, 2.8; 95% CI: 2.1-3.6), lack of social and emotional support (PR, 2.5; 95% CI: 1.8-3.3), life dissatisfaction (PR, 3.5; 95% CI: 2.2-5.5), use of special equipment (PR, 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1-1.8), no leisure-time physical activity (PR, 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2-1.9), and comorbid cardiovascular disease (PR, 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2-1.9) were associated with undiagnosed depression.
Conclusions: Undiagnosed depression among people with diabetes was common. Because depression is associated with increased risk of diabetes-related complications, early detection of depression is needed in clinical settings.