Combining cluster analysis, feature selection and multiple support vector machine models for the identification of human ether-a-go-go related gene channel blocking compounds

Chem Biol Drug Des. 2009 Jan;73(1):17-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2008.00747.x.


Blockade of the human ether-a-go-go related gene potassium channel is regarded as a major cause of drug toxicity and associated with severe cardiac side-effects. A variety of in silico models have been reported to aid in the identification of compounds blocking the human ether-a-go-go related gene channel. Herein, we present a classification approach for the detection of diverse human ether-a-go-go related gene blockers that combines cluster analysis of training data, feature selection and support vector machine learning. Compound learning sets are first divided into clusters of similar molecules. For each cluster, independent support vector machine models are generated utilizing preselected MACCS structural keys as descriptors. These models are combined to predict human ether-a-go-go related gene inhibition of our large compound data set with consistent experimental measurements (i.e. only patch clamp measurements on mammalian cell lines). Our combined support vector machine model achieves a prediction accuracy of 85% on this data set and performs better than alternative methods used for comparison. We also find that structural keys selected on the basis of statistical criteria are associated with molecular substructures implicated in human ether-a-go-go related gene channel binding.

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Cluster Analysis*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels / chemistry*
  • Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels / classification
  • Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological*
  • Molecular Structure
  • Potassium Channel Blockers / chemistry*
  • Potassium Channel Blockers / classification
  • Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Reproducibility of Results


  • Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels
  • Potassium Channel Blockers