Complications of facial implants

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2009 Feb;21(1):91-104, vi-vii. doi: 10.1016/j.coms.2008.10.009.


Facial implants are readily used for aesthetic and reconstructive efforts in lieu of autogenous materials due to obvious benefits. Alloplastic facial augmentation is not without potential complications. This article discusses the major factors that contribute to complications of facial implant surgery, based on alloplast composition, surgical technique, and facial region. Also discussed are the most common complications as well as both their prevention and management.

MeSH terms

  • Biocompatible Materials / adverse effects
  • Cosmetic Techniques / adverse effects
  • Face / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods
  • Postoperative Complications / classification*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Postoperative Complications / therapy
  • Prostheses and Implants / adverse effects*
  • Surgery, Plastic / adverse effects*
  • Surgery, Plastic / classification
  • Surgery, Plastic / methods


  • Biocompatible Materials