Objectives: To examine the effect of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a marker of the metabolic syndrome, on selected indicators of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment success.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using existing data on 69 IVF/ICSI treatment cycles undergone by PCOS women and a caliper-matched sample of 69 IVF/ICSI treatment cycles undergone by non-PCOS women over a 7-year period at a major fertility treatment center. Matching criteria were age and date at IVF/ICSI treatment initiation. Process and outcome measures were used to define successful IVF/ICSI treatment. Statistical significance was determined at an alpha level of 0.05.
Results: The total number of oocytes and the number of immature oocytes retrieved in the process of an IVF/ICSI cycle were significantly higher in the context of PCOS. No significant differences were observed among PCOS and non-PCOS groups on various IVF/ICSI cycle outcomes, including high-grade embryo, pregnancy achievement, miscarriage, and live birth status.
Conclusions: Although IVF/ICSI yields more oocytes in the context of PCOS, IVF/ICSI outcomes do not differ significantly by PCOS status. Prospective cohort studies are needed to examine short-term and long-term health effects of PCOS in the context of IVF/ICSI.