Determination of anthocyanins, total phenolic content, and antioxidant activity in Andes Berry (Rubus glaucus Benth)

J Food Sci. 2009 Apr;74(3):C227-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2009.01092.x.


Anthocyanins, total phenolic content, ascorbic acid content, and the antioxidant activity were determined in extracts of Andes berry fruit (Rubus glaucus Benth). Anthocyanis (ACNs) were isolated and characterized by means of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array detection and electro spray ionization/mass spectrometry (PDA-ESI/MS/MS) analysis. The anthocyanin (ACN) content was 45 mg/100 g FW. The isolated anthocyanins were characterized as cyanidin 3-sambubioside, cyanidin 3-glucoside, cyanidin 3-xylorutinoside, cyanidin 3-rutinoside, pelargonidin 3-glucoside, and pelargonidin 3-rutinoside. The ascorbic acid content was 10.1 mg/100 g FW. The total phenolic content as determined by the Folin-Ciocalteau method was 294 mg GAE/100 g FW while the antioxidant activity as measured by ABTS(.) (+) radical scavenging capacity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) was 2.01 and 4.50 mmol TE/100 g FW or 8.22 mmoles ferric iron reduced/100 g FW, respectively. The high phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of Andes berry suggest that this fruit could be a rich source of natural pigments, nutraceuticals, and natural antioxidants.

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / analysis*
  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Ascorbic Acid / analysis
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Phenols / analysis*
  • Rosaceae / chemistry*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization


  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Phenols
  • Ascorbic Acid