Emerging disease syndromic surveillance for Hurricane Katrina evacuees seeking shelter in Houston's Astrodome and Reliant Park Complex

Public Health Rep. May-Jun 2009;124(3):364-71. doi: 10.1177/003335490912400304.

Abstract

Transmission of infectious diseases became an immediate public health concern when approximately 27,000 New Orleans-area residents evacuated to Houston's Astrodome and Reliant Park Complex following Hurricane Katrina. This article presents a surveillance system that was rapidly developed and implemented for daily tracking of various symptoms in the evacuee population in the Astrodome "megashelter." This system successfully confirmed an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis and became a critical tool in monitoring the course of this outbreak.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology*
  • Cyclonic Storms*
  • Disasters*
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Gastroenteritis / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Middle Aged
  • New Orleans
  • Population Surveillance
  • Refugees*
  • Safety Management
  • Syndrome
  • Texas / epidemiology