Mitochondrial DNA control region variation in a population sample from Hong Kong, China

Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2009 Sep;3(4):e119-25. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2008.10.008. Epub 2008 Dec 11.


Entire mitochondrial control region sequences were generated from 377 unrelated individuals from urban Hong Kong. In line with other control region datasets from China, the sample from Hong Kong exhibited significant genetic diversity that was reflected in a random match probability of 0.19% and a mean pairwise difference of 13.14. A total of 305 haplotypes were identified, of which 262 were unique. These sequences will be made publicly available to serve as forensic mtDNA reference data for China.

MeSH terms

  • China
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Forensic Genetics / methods
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Genetics, Population*
  • Haplotypes
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Reference Standards
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Urban Population


  • DNA, Mitochondrial