[The effect of polymorphism of genes of xenobiotics detoxication on the frequencies of spontaneous and induced chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes]

Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2009 Sep-Oct;49(5):543-51.
[Article in Russian]


Here presented the data on the frequencies of chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes of peripheral blood of 97 volunteers depending on genotypes by genes of xenobiotics detoxication before and after gamma-irradiation with dose of 1 Gy in vitro. The frequencies of aberrations were estimated by analyzing not less than 500-1000 metaphases per person. The data of cytogenetic analysis were compared with the results of PCR-genotyping of loci GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, CYP1A1, CYP2D6, NAT2, and MTHFR. The significant differences by the frequencies of aberrations between "single-locus" genotypes were not found except for GSTM1 locus, for which the enhanced frequency of spontaneous aberrations of chromosome type in "positive" genotypes compared to "zero" ones, i.e., homozygotes by deletion (p = 0.04) was observed. The minimum frequency of spontaneous aberrations of chromosome type was recorded for carriers of double homozygotes by deletion of GSTM1-GSTT1: 0.0006 +/- 0.0003 against 0.0027 +/- 0.0003 for the rest of genotypes (p = 0.016 by the Mann-Witney test). The frequency of gamma-induced chromosome aberrations was correlated with the total amount of minor alleles in loci GSTP1, NAT2, and MTHFR (r = 0.25 at p = 0.0065).

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alleles
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase / genetics*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Gamma Rays*
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Lymphocytes / radiation effects
  • Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Xenobiotics / metabolism


  • Xenobiotics
  • Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase
  • NAT2 protein, human
  • glutathione S-transferase T1
  • Glutathione Transferase