Mitochondrial gene in the nuclear genome induces reproductive barrier in rice

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jan 26;107(4):1494-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0908283107. Epub 2010 Jan 4.


Hybrid incompatibility in F(1) hybrids or later generations is often observed as sterility or inviability. This incompatibility acts as postzygotic reproductive isolation, which results in the irreversible divergence of species. Here, we show that the reciprocal loss of duplicated genes encoding mitochondrial ribosomal protein L27 causes hybrid pollen sterility in F(1) hybrids of the cultivated rice Oryza sativa and its wild relative O. glumaepatula. Functional analysis revealed that this gene is essential for the later stage of pollen development, and distribution analysis suggests that the gene duplication occurred before the divergence of the AA genome species. On the basis of these results, we discuss the possible contribution of the "founder effect" in establishing this reproductive barrier.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Cell Nucleus / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genes, Mitochondrial*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome, Plant*
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oryza / genetics*
  • Oryza / growth & development
  • Oryza / ultrastructure
  • Plant Infertility*
  • Pollen / genetics*
  • Pollen / growth & development
  • Pollen / ultrastructure

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB496673
  • GENBANK/AB496674
  • GENBANK/AB496675