Y-STR variation in Albanian populations: implications on the match probabilities and the genetic legacy of the minority claiming an Egyptian descent

Int J Legal Med. 2010 Sep;124(5):363-70. doi: 10.1007/s00414-010-0432-x. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

Abstract

Y chromosome variation at 12 STR (the Powerplex® Y system core set) and 18 binary markers was investigated in two major (the Ghegs and the Tosks) and two minor (the Gabels and the Jevgs) populations from Albania (Southern Balkans). The large proportion of haplotypes shared within and between groups makes the Powerplex 12-locus set inadequate to ensure a suitable power of discrimination for the forensic practice. At least 85% of Y lineages in the Jevgs, the cultural minority claiming an Egyptian descent, turned out to be of either Roma or Balkan ancestry. They also showed unequivocal signs of a common genetic history with the Gabels, the other Albanian minority practising social and cultural Roma traditions.

MeSH terms

  • Albania
  • Chromosomes, Human, Y*
  • DNA Fingerprinting
  • Egypt
  • Ethnic Groups / genetics*
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Genetics, Population*
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tandem Repeat Sequences*