Prekallikrein deficiency in a dog

J Vet Med Sci. 2011 Jan;73(1):107-11. doi: 10.1292/jvms.10-0207. Epub 2010 Aug 23.


Prekallikrein (PK) deficiency is an uncommon disorder in dogs. In this report, we describe a case of a dog that was referred for neurological defects and had a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and normal prothrombin time (PT) with no hemostatic defects. By using human PK-deficient plasma, the dog was diagnosed to have PK deficiency. The nucleotide sequence of normal canine PK cDNA was determined and compared with the genomic sequences of PK in the affected dog. The comparison revealed that the dog had a point mutation in exon 8 that leads to an amino acid substitution in the fourth apple domain of PK. This is the first report showing a point mutation of PK in a dog with PK deficiency.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Dog Diseases / blood*
  • Dogs
  • Hemostatic Disorders / genetics
  • Hemostatic Disorders / metabolism
  • Hemostatic Disorders / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Partial Thromboplastin Time / veterinary
  • Point Mutation
  • Prekallikrein / deficiency*
  • Prekallikrein / genetics
  • Prekallikrein / metabolism


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Prekallikrein