Real men are safe-culturally adapted: utilizing the Delphi process to revise real men are safe for an ethnically diverse group of men in substance abuse treatment

AIDS Educ Prev. 2012 Apr;24(2):117-31. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2012.24.2.117.


Real Men Are Safe (REMAS) was effective at reducing the number of unprotected sexual occasions for men in substance abuse treatment compared to an HIV education control intervention. Utilizing a modified Delphi process, modules from REMAS were compared to similar-content modules from other CDC-approved, culturally tailored HIV prevention interventions. Utilizing ratings and recommendations obtained from an independent expert panel, REMAS was subsequently revised to be more culturally adapted for an ethnically diverse group of men. Ratings suggested REMAS was culturally fair, but that in certain areas the culturally tailored interventions were more in tune with African American and Hispanic men. Revisions to REMAS include an added focus on how culture, social norms, and upbringing affect a man's sexual behavior and relationships.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Black or African American
  • Delphi Technique*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / rehabilitation
  • United States
  • Unsafe Sex / ethnology
  • Unsafe Sex / prevention & control*