A resource perspective on the work-home interface: the work-home resources model

Am Psychol. 2012 Oct;67(7):545-56. doi: 10.1037/a0027974. Epub 2012 Apr 16.


The objective of this article is to provide a theoretical framework explaining positive and negative work-home processes integrally. Using insights from conservation of resources theory, we explain how personal resources (e.g., time, energy, and mood) link demanding and resourceful aspects of one domain to outcomes in the other domain. The resulting work-home resources (W-HR) model describes work-home conflict as a process whereby demands in one domain deplete personal resources and impede accomplishments in the other domain. Enrichment is described as a process of resource accumulation: Work and home resources increase personal resources. Those personal resources, in turn, can be utilized to improve home and work outcomes. Moreover, our resource approach to the work-home interface allows us to address two other issues that have thus far lacked a solid theoretical foundation. The W-HR model also explains how conditional factors such as personality and culture may influence the occurrence of work-home conflict and enrichment. Furthermore, the model allows us to examine how work-home conflict and enrichment develop over time. Finally, the model provides useful insights for other psychology subdisciplines, such as gender studies and developmental psychology.

MeSH terms

  • Conflict, Psychological
  • Employment / psychology*
  • Family / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Time Factors