Optimizing aesthetic and functional outcomes at donor sites

Chang Gung Med J. May-Jun 2012;35(3):219-30. doi: 10.4103/2319-4170.106150.

Abstract

In recent years, there has been increasing interest by reconstructive surgeons in improving the aesthetic and functional outcomes of donor sites. As the success rate of free tissue transfers has exceeded more than 95% in most microsurgical centers, more emphasis can be shifted to the donor site. However, morbidities of donor sites can occur not only in free tissue transfers, but in locoregional flaps as well. In reconstructive procedures, the main principle is to mobilize normal tissue and utilize it to reconstruct an area of defect. The donor site, of course has no pathology, but is a previously healthy area. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to not only minimize postoperative complications at recipient sites, but also pay attention to donor sites. Just as in organ transplantation where efforts are made to ensure the safety and a good outcome for a donor patient, outcomes should be improved and morbidity reduced at donor sites in reconstructive surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Tissue Donors*
  • Tissue Transplantation / pathology*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wounds and Injuries / surgery*