Clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism with emphasis on chief cell hyperplasia

Surgery. 1990 Jan;107(1):13-9.


In 570 patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism, the age, sex, symptoms, and preoperative serum calcium values were related to the histopathologic diagnoses, operative findings, and the extent and outcome of parathyroid surgery. Renal stone formation was especially prevalent in younger patients with slight hypercalcemia and parathyroid chief cell hyperplasia, whereas neuromuscular and psychiatric disturbances were overrepresented among older women with higher serum calcium values. Serum calcium concentration was inversely correlated to the proportional incidence of chief cell hyperplasia and positively correlated to the glandular weight of both adenomas and hyperplasias. Glandular size was markedly irregular in chief cell hyperplasia, with increased gland weights of no more than two glands in 78% of patients. During follow-up, for as long as 27 years, normocalcemia was obtained in 91% of patients with adenomas, with failures mainly depending on difficulties in identifying the parathyroid glands. The rate of normocalcemia was lower (80%) among patients with hyperplasia, but an inability to visualize the glands was not a major cause of failure. In patients with hyperplasia with asymmetric and more markedly enlarged glands, it appeared sufficient to remove only the enlarged glands, whereas the findings advocated a subtotal 3- to 3.5-gland resection in patients with more symmetrically or less enlarged hyperplastic glands.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / pathology
  • Adenoma / surgery
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism / diagnosis
  • Hyperparathyroidism / pathology
  • Hyperparathyroidism / surgery*
  • Hyperplasia
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Neoplasms / pathology
  • Parathyroid Neoplasms / surgery