Thrombotic disease in the myeloproliferative neoplasms

Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2012:2012:571-81. doi: 10.1182/asheducation-2012.1.571.


Thrombosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), particularly polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia. Mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of the acquired thrombophilic state associated with these diseases include abnormalities of MPN clone-derived blood cells, which display prothrombotic features, and abnormalities of normal vascular cells, which become procoagulant in response to inflammatory stimuli. Ultimately, the release into the blood of elevated levels of procoagulant microparticles by platelets and vascular cells and the increase in the global thrombin generation due to an acquired activated protein C resistance result in a highly prothrombotic scenario in patients with polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia. The acquired point mutation in the pseudokinase domain of JAK2 (JAK2V617F) in these disorders is variably associated with thrombosis and, more consistently, with elevations in WBC counts and alterations in biomarkers of blood-clotting abnormalities. The predictive value of these biomarkers for thrombosis remains to be established to identify subsets of patients at elevated risk who may benefit from prophylaxis with antithrombotic drugs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Activated Protein C Resistance / genetics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Platelets / cytology
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology
  • Erythrocytes / cytology
  • Female
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Hematology / methods*
  • Humans
  • Janus Kinase 2 / genetics
  • Leukocytes / cytology
  • Male
  • Medical Oncology / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders / complications*
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Risk
  • Thrombosis / complications*
  • Thrombosis / diagnosis*


  • Biomarkers
  • Fibrinolytic Agents
  • JAK2 protein, human
  • Janus Kinase 2