Anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody disease is an uncommon cause of end-stage renal disease

Kidney Int. 2013 Mar;83(3):503-10. doi: 10.1038/ki.2012.375. Epub 2012 Dec 19.


There are few reports regarding outcomes of anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease in patients who underwent renal replacement therapy. To help define this we studied all patients with anti-GBM disease who started renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Australia and New Zealand (ANZDATA Registry) between 1963 and 2010 encompassing 449 individuals (0.8 percent of all ESRD patients). The median survival on dialysis was 5.93 years with death predicted by older age and a history of pulmonary hemorrhage. Thirteen patients recovered renal function, although 10 subsequently experienced renal death after a median period of 1.05 years. Of the 224 patients who received their first renal allograft, the 10-year median patient and renal allograft survival rates were 86% and 63%, respectively. Six patients experienced anti-GBM disease recurrence in their allograft, which led to graft failure in two. Using multivariable Cox regression analysis, patients with anti-GBM disease had comparable survival on dialysis or following renal transplantation (hazard ratios of 0.86 and 1.03, respectively) compared to those with ESRD due to other causes. Also, renal allograft survival (hazard ratio of 1.03) was not altered compared to other diseases requiring a renal transplant. Thus, anti-GBM disease was an uncommon cause of ESRD, and not associated with altered risks of dialysis, transplant or first renal allograft survival. Death on dialysis was predicted by older age and a history of pulmonary hemorrhage.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease / complications*
  • Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease / mortality
  • Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Graft Survival
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiopathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / mortality
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Kidney Transplantation / mortality
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Recurrence
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Retrospective Studies