Impact of cooking and handling conditions on furanic compounds in breaded fish products

Food Chem Toxicol. 2013 May:55:222-8. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.12.058. Epub 2013 Jan 20.


This study evaluates the influence of cooking and handling conditions on the quantity of furanic compounds (furan, 2-furfural, furfuryl alcohol, 2-pentylfuran, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural) in breaded fish products. Oven-baking and reheating in the microwave lead to low furanic compounds formation in comparison with deep-frying. The use of olive oil for deep-frying promoted higher levels of furanic compounds than sunflower oil. The amounts of these compounds diminished as the temperature and time of deep-frying decreased as well as after a delay after deep-frying. Thus, the generation of furanic compounds can be minimized by adjusting the cooking method and conditions, such as using an electric oven, deep-frying in sunflower oil at 160°C during 4min, or waiting 10min after cooking. However, these conditions that reduce furanic compounds levels also reduce the content of volatile compounds related to the aroma and flavour of fried foods. In this sense, new efforts should be done to reduce the formation of furanic compounds without being detrimental to the volatile profile.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cooking*
  • Fish Products / analysis*
  • Furans / analysis*
  • Volatilization


  • Furans