[Renal patient's diet: Can fish be included?]

Nutr Hosp. 2012 Sep-Oct;27(5):1489-95. doi: 10.3305/nh.2012.27.5.5870.
[Article in Spanish]


Introduction: Medical and nutritional treatment for renal disease, now a major public health issue, is highly complicated. Nutritional therapy must seek to retard renal dysfunction, maintain an optimal nutritional status and prevent the development of underlying pathologies.

Objective: To analyze ten fish species to identify those that, because of their low phosphorus content, high biological value protein and elevated n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, could be included in renal patient's diet.

Materials and methods: The following fish species (Litte tunny, Red drum, Spotted eagleray, Escolar, Swordfish, Big-scale pomfret, Cortez flounder, Largemouth blackbass, Periche mojarra, Florida Pompano) were analyzed according to the AOAC and Keller techniques to determine their protein, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, cholesterol, vitamins D(3) and E, and n-3 EPA+DHA content. These results were used to calculate relations between nutrients.

Results: The protein in the analyzed species ranged from 16.5 g/100 g of fillet (Largemouth black bass) to 27.2 g/100 g (Red drum); the lowest phosphorus value was 28.6 mg/100 g (Periche mojarra) and the highest 216.3 mg/100 g (Spotted eagle ray). 80% of the fish presented > 100 mg EPA + DHA in 100 g of fillet. By its Phosphorus/gProtein ratio, Escolar and Swordfish could not be included in the renal diet; Little tunny, Escolar, Big-scale pomfret, Largemouth black-bass, Periche mojarra and Florida Pompano presented a lower Phosphorus/EPA + DHA ratio.

Conclusions: Florida pompano is the most recommended specie for renal patients, due to its optimal nutrient relations. However, all analyzed species, except Escolar and Swordfish, could be included in renal diets.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Proteins / analysis
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids / analysis
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / analysis
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / analysis
  • Fish Products
  • Fishes*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases / therapy*
  • Kidney Function Tests
  • Meat* / analysis
  • Phosphorus / analysis
  • Seafood
  • Species Specificity


  • Dietary Proteins
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids
  • Phosphorus
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid