Maqui berry (Aristotelia chilensis) and the constituent delphinidin glycoside inhibit photoreceptor cell death induced by visible light

Food Chem. 2013 Aug 15;139(1-4):129-37. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.01.036. Epub 2013 Jan 29.


The protective effects of maqui berry (Aristotelia chilensis) extract (MBE) and its major anthocyanins [delphinidin 3,5-O-diglucoside (D3G5G) and delphinidin 3-O-sambubioside-5-O-glucoside (D3S5G)] against light-induced murine photoreceptor cells (661W) death were evaluated. Viability of 661W after light treatment for 24 h, assessed by the tetrazolium salt (WST-8) assay and Hoechst 33342 nuclear staining, was improved by addition of MBE, D3G5G, and D3S5G. Intracellular radical activation in 661W, evaluated using the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive probe 5-(and-6)-chloromethyl-2,7-dichlorodihydro fluorescein diacetate acetyl ester (CM-H2DCFDA), was reduced by MBE and its anthocyanins. The anti-apoptosis mechanism of MBE was evaluated by light-induced phosphorylation of p38. MBE significantly suppressed the light-induced phosphorylation of p38. These findings indicate that MBE and its anthocyanidins suppress the light-induced photoreceptor cell death by inhibiting ROS production, suggesting that the inhibition of phosphorylated-p38 may be involved in the underlying mechanism.

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / pharmacology*
  • Cell Death / radiation effects
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Down-Regulation / radiation effects
  • Elaeocarpaceae / chemistry*
  • Fruit / chemistry
  • Glycosides / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Light / adverse effects
  • Photoreceptor Cells / cytology*
  • Photoreceptor Cells / metabolism
  • Photoreceptor Cells / radiation effects
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism


  • Anthocyanins
  • Glycosides
  • Plant Extracts
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • delphinidin