Molecular clone and expression of a NAD+-dependent glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase isozyme gene from the halotolerant alga Dunaliella salina

PLoS One. 2013 Apr 23;8(4):e62287. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062287. Print 2013.


Glycerol is an important osmotically compatible solute in Dunaliella. Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) is a key enzyme in the pathway of glycerol synthesis, which converts dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) to glycerol-3-phosphate. Generally, the glycerol-DHAP cycle pathway, which is driven by G3PDH, is considered as the rate-limiting enzyme to regulate the glycerol level under osmotic shocks. Considering the peculiarity in osmoregulation, the cDNA of a NAD(+)-dependent G3PDH was isolated from D. salina using RACE and RT-PCR approaches in this study. Results indicated that the length of the cDNA sequence of G3PDH was 2,100 bp encoding a 699 amino acid deduced polypeptide whose computational molecular weight was 76.6 kDa. Conserved domain analysis revealed that the G3PDH protein has two independent functional domains, SerB and G3PDH domains. It was predicted that the G3PDH was a nonsecretory protein and may be located in the chloroplast of D. salina. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the D. salina G3PDH had a closer relationship with the G3PDHs from the Dunaliella genus than with those from other species. In addition, the cDNA was subsequently subcloned in the pET-32a(+) vector and was transformed into E. coli strain BL21 (DE3), a expression protein with 100 kDa was identified, which was consistent with the theoretical value.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Chlorophyta / classification
  • Chlorophyta / genetics*
  • Chlorophyta / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular*
  • Computational Biology
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Gene Expression*
  • Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (NAD+) / chemistry
  • Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (NAD+) / genetics*
  • Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (NAD+) / isolation & purification
  • Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (NAD+) / metabolism
  • Isoenzymes
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Conformation
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Sequence Alignment


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Isoenzymes
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (NAD+)

Grants and funding

The authors have no support or funding to report.