Contemporary management of traumatic fractures of the frontal sinus

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2013 Oct;46(5):733-48. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2013.07.005.


This article discusses the classic and contemporary management strategies for treating frontal sinus fractures. The goals of management of frontal sinus fractures are to create a safe sinus by minimizing the likelihood of early and late complications while preserving the function of the sinus and maintaining the cosmetic appearance of the upper face. The assessment and classification of patients with frontal sinus injuries, their management, and the treatment of complications are reviewed.

Keywords: Cranialization; Frontal sinus drill out; Frontal sinus fracture; Frontal sinus obliteration; Frontal sinus trauma; Mucocele.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / diagnosis
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea / etiology
  • Endoscopy
  • Fracture Fixation / methods*
  • Frontal Sinus / injuries*
  • Humans
  • Mucocele / prevention & control
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods*
  • Skull Fractures / classification
  • Skull Fractures / complications
  • Skull Fractures / surgery*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed