Efficiency of wipe sampling on hard surfaces for pesticides and PCB residues in dust

Sci Total Environ. 2015 Feb 1;505:11-21. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.09.086. Epub 2014 Oct 10.

Abstract

Pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are commonly found in house dust and have been described as a valuable matrix to assess indoor pesticide and PCB contamination. The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency and precision of cellulose wipe for collecting 48 pesticides, eight PCBs, and one synergist at environmental concentrations. First, the efficiency and repeatability of wipe collection were determined for pesticide and PCB residues that were directly spiked onto three types of household floors (tile, laminate, and hardwood). Second, synthetic dust was used to assess the capacity of the wipe to collect dust. Third, we assessed the efficiency and repeatability of wipe collection of pesticides and PCB residues that was spiked onto synthetic dust and then applied to tile. In the first experiment, the overall collection efficiency was highest on tile (38%) and laminate (40%) compared to hardwood (34%), p<0.001. The second experiment confirmed that cellulose wipes can efficiently collect dust (82% collection efficiency). The third experiment showed that the overall collection efficiency was higher in the presence of dust (72% vs. 38% without dust, p<0.001). Furthermore, the mean repeatability also improved when compounds were spiked onto dust (<30% for the majority of compounds). To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the efficiency of wipes as a sampling method using a large number of compounds at environmental concentrations and synthetic dust. Cellulose wipes appear to be efficient to sample the pesticides and PCBs that adsorb onto dust on smooth and hard surfaces.

Keywords: Collection efficiency; Dust; Pesticides; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Wipes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Dust / analysis*
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Environmental Pollutants / analysis*
  • Floors and Floorcoverings
  • Housing
  • Pesticides / analysis*
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis*

Substances

  • Dust
  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Pesticides
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls