Background: Over 85% of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients receive hemodialysis and 80% of hemodialysis patients in Taiwan contract arteriovenous fistula (AVF). Studies have shown that using far infrared therapy (FIR) improves AVF by improving blood flow. However, the systematic literature reviews have been insufficient to make definite conclusions regarding the effectiveness of this intervention.
Purpose: This paper uses a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the FIR intervention and to explore its effectiveness.
Methods: Researchers searched the following five Chinese and English electronic databases for relevant articles: National Dissertations and Theses, Airiti Library, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, ProQuest, and PubMed/MEDLINE. Keywords including "far infrared therapy", "arteriovenous fistula", and "hemodialysis" were entered. The search was limited to articles published before February 2014. A total of 98 articles that matched the search criteria were extracted. Article topics were screened and repetitions of topics were removed. Three articles met the study inclusion criteria and were selected for further analysis. An assessment of the quality of these 3 studies using the Modified Jadad Scale earned a score of 3.
Results: Findings of this systematic review show that FIR interventions improve blood flow to and from the AVF and that the intervention decreases AVF malfunctioning. Currently, literature on this topic is limited in Taiwan. Therefore, more evidence is needed to validate the findings of the current study.
Conclusions / implications for practice: The results of the current study support the ability of patients with FIR to improve their AVF functions as well as the immediate clinical applicability of the suggested intervention. Although current empirical evidence supports the effectiveness of gripping a ball in maintaining AVF functions, many hemodialysis patients, due to age or illness, are not physically capable of doing this exercise. Therefore, FIR is a very good alternative measure.
背景: 台灣有超過85%的末期腎病變（end-stage renal disease, ESRD）病患接受血液透析治療，其中80%的病患使用動靜脈勴管（arteriovenous fistula, AVF）進行血液透析。目前研究顯示使用遠紅外線治療（far infrared therapy）對於AVF患者可有效提升血管的血流量及通暢性，而對於尚未開始透析之患者則可增進其勴管的結構穩定，但目前國內卻缺乏系統性文獻回顧探討其成效。
方法: 以系統性文獻回顧法搜尋2014年2月前發表於國內外相關資料庫包括華藝中文資料庫、Cochrane Library、CINAHL、PubMed、MEDLINE、ProQuest等資料庫，使用關鍵字遠紅外線（far infrared therapy）及血液透析（hemodialysis）、遠紅外線（far infrared）及自體動靜脈勴管（arteriovenous fistula），共98篇，選取符合篩選標準並排除重覆出現，共找出3篇遠紅外線介入之隨機分派之臨床實驗性研究，以modified Jadad scale評定其研究品質得分皆為3分。
Keywords: arteriovenous fistula; far-infrared therapy; hemodialysis; systematic review.