A Comprehensive Analysis of Influence ERCC Polymorphisms Confer on the Development of Brain Tumors

Mol Neurobiol. 2016 May;53(4):2705-14. doi: 10.1007/s12035-015-9371-3. Epub 2015 Aug 13.


Within DNA repair genes, there lie a number of single nucleotide polymorphisms that may impair protein function and attenuate DNA repair capability, resulting in genomic instability and individual predisposition to malignancies. The purpose of this study was to assess the previously reported inconsistent association of polymorphisms in ERCC1 (rs11615, rs3212986), ERCC2 (rs13181, rs1799793, rs238406), and ERCC5 (rs17655) with the development of brain tumors. In the present work, we carried out a comprehensive meta-analysis of results from all published data (5 data sets for rs11615, 7 for rs3212986, 11 for rs13181, 5 for rs1799793, 3 for rs238406, and 4 for rs17655) to evaluate risk of brain tumors contributed by the polymorphisms being investigated. Either the analytic method described by Mantel and Haenszel or that proposed by DerSimonian and Laird was properly used to summarize the risk estimates (OR and 95% CI). Data analyses were done with Stata version 12.0. Meta-analyses were performed for all polymorphisms, and only rs3212986 in the ERCC1 gene showed a significant association with glioma incidence. In the homozygote comparison, we found 1.26-fold elevated risk of glioma in relation to presence of the AA genotype (OR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.05-1.52, P OR = 0.013, P heterogeneity = 0.849, I(2) = 0.0%). We also noted that individuals with the rs3212986-AA as compared to those with rs3212986-CC/CA had a 28% higher risk to develop glioma (OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.06-1.53, P OR = 0.008, Pheterogeneity = 0.808, I(2) = 0.0%). No major effects were observed for Caucasians or Asians in subgroup analysis by ethnicity. ERCC1 rs3212986 is a common single nucleotide polymorphism and may contribute toward individual susceptibility for glioma. Further research in this filed is required to verify the association obtained based on a relatively small number.

Keywords: Brain tumor; ERCC1; ERCC2; ERCC5; Glioma; Single nucleotide polymorphisms.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Carcinogenesis / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Endonucleases / genetics*
  • Genetic Heterogeneity
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Publication Bias
  • Risk Factors
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group D Protein / genetics*


  • DNA excision repair protein ERCC-5
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • ERCC1 protein, human
  • Endonucleases
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group D Protein
  • ERCC2 protein, human