Dried, ground banana plant leaves (Musa spp.) for the control of Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis infections in sheep

Parasitol Res. 2015 Dec;114(12):4545-51. doi: 10.1007/s00436-015-4700-z. Epub 2015 Sep 9.


To evaluate the anthelmintic effect of Musa spp. leaves, 12 animals were artificially infected with Haemonchus contortus, and another 12 animals were infected with Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Then, both treatment groups were offered 400 g of dried ground banana plant leaves, and the control animals were offered only 1000 g of coast cross hay. During the trials, the animals received weekly physical examinations. The methods used to evaluate the efficiency of this treatment were packed cell volume, total plasma protein and faecal egg counts, and egg hatchability tests were performed on days -2, +3, +6, +9, +13 and +15. Coproculture tests were performed on day -2 to confirm monospecific infections. In the FEC and EHT, a statistically significant difference (0.04, 0.005; p < 0.05) was noted for T. colubriformis. There were no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) for Haemochus contortus group in all tests. Our results confirmed previous findings suggesting that dried ground banana plant leaves possess anthelmintic activity.

Keywords: Anthelmintic effect; Banana plant leaves; Haemonchus contortus; Musa spp.; Sheep; Trichostrongylus colubriformis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anthelmintics / administration & dosage*
  • Feces
  • Haemonchiasis / drug therapy
  • Haemonchiasis / parasitology
  • Haemonchiasis / veterinary*
  • Haemonchus / drug effects*
  • Musa / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Sheep Diseases / parasitology
  • Sheep, Domestic
  • Trichostrongylosis / drug therapy
  • Trichostrongylosis / parasitology
  • Trichostrongylosis / veterinary
  • Trichostrongylus / drug effects*


  • Anthelmintics
  • Plant Extracts