Totally extraperitoneal (TEP) endoscopic hernia repair in elderly patients

Hernia. 2015 Dec;19(6):887-91. doi: 10.1007/s10029-015-1422-1. Epub 2015 Sep 22.


Background: Inguinal hernias are common in elderly males. We addressed outcome following totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair in patients older than 70 years.

Methods: We prospectively collected data of patients >70 years with a unilateral or bilateral inguinal hernia operated in our hospital between January 2005 and January 2010 using the TEP technique.

Results: A total of 429 patients underwent TEP hernia repair under general anaesthesia, mostly men (n = 405; 94.4%). Median age was 74 years (range 70-89). The mean pre-operative pain score was 3.7 (SD ± 2.5). Ninety-four percent of patients had an ASA score of 1 or 2. Three hundred thirty-six patients underwent a unilateral repair (78%). The conversion rate to an anterior procedure was 0.7 % (n = 3). In 8 patients (1.9%), intra-operative complications occurred, and the postoperative course was complicated in 3 patients (0.7 %). Severe complications attributable to the endoscopic approach occurred in 6 patients (1.4%): a bladder injury (n = 5) and a trocar-induced bowel perforation (n = 1). The mean postoperative pain score after 6 weeks was 1.6 (SD ± 1.2). Patients were able to resume their daily activities after a median of 7 days (range 1-42).

Conclusion: Totally, extraperitoneal endoscopic inguinal hernia repair in elderly patients is associated with low overall complication rates and a fast recovery. In a small proportion of patients, severe complications occur attributable to the endoscopic approach.

Keywords: Elderly; Endoscopic surgery; Inguinal hernia; Totally extraperitoneal (TEP) technique.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Hernia, Inguinal / surgery*
  • Herniorrhaphy / adverse effects
  • Herniorrhaphy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy
  • Male
  • Treatment Outcome