Exercise-induced amenorrhea

Am Fam Physician. 1989 Feb;39(2):213-21.


Strenuous exercise may cause menstrual abnormalities, including amenorrhea. The hypoestrogenemia that accompanies amenorrhea has been associated with a low bone mineral content and an increased incidence of stress fractures. With the resumption of menses, which usually occurs soon after female athletes decrease the intensity of their training or increase their body weight, bone mineral content increases and the incidence of stress fractures decreases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amenorrhea / etiology*
  • Amenorrhea / metabolism
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / etiology
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Fractures, Bone / etiology
  • Humans
  • Menstrual Cycle
  • Minerals / metabolism


  • Minerals