Characteristics of patients with benign partial epilepsy in infancy without PRRT2 mutations

Epilepsy Res. 2015 Dec:118:10-3. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2015.09.010. Epub 2015 Sep 21.


Mutations in the proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 gene (PRRT2) are known to cause clinical symptoms of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), benign partial epilepsy in infancy (BPEI), and infantile convulsions with choreoathetosis (ICCA) syndrome; however, not all patients with BPEI have PRRT2 mutations, and the genetic backgrounds for such patients are still unknown. To characterize BPEI patients without PRRT2 mutations, we analyzed unrelated 63 patients with BPEI. Sanger sequencing identified PRRT2 mutations in 33 probands (52%). The most common insertion, c.649dup, was identified in 28 probands. Two novel truncation mutations, c.232dup and c.503_504del were identified independently. 16p11.2 microdeletion was not detected in patients without PRRT2 mutations. PRRT2 mutation detection rates were 21/31 (68%) and 12/32 (38%) in probands who were positive or negative for family history, respectively, indicating a significant difference between the two groups. In this study, 20 probands with BPEI were negative for family history of BPEI and negative for PRRT2 mutation. BPEI in these probands may be due to complex genetic predispositions. Because the possibility remains that a second gene contributes to BPEI, further studies are necessary in patients with BPEI but no PRRT2 mutation, especially in Asian people.

Keywords: Benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE); Benign partial epilepsy in infancy (BPEI); Infantile convulsions and choreoathetosis syndrome (ICCA); Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD); Proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsies, Partial / genetics*
  • Epilepsy, Benign Neonatal / genetics*
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • PRRT2 protein, human