Hydatid cyst in unusual location: Pterygopalatine fossa-infratemporal fossa

Auris Nasus Larynx. 2016 Aug;43(4):464-7. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2015.11.003. Epub 2015 Dec 3.


Introduction: Hydatid Cyst is a zoonotic infection most commonly caused by larvae of the Echinococcus granulosus. Humans are an accidental intermediate host following ingestion of the larvae.

Case report: We report the case of a 16-year-old male patient presenting with a hydatid cyst in the pterygopalatine fossa. There was no pulmonary or hepatic involvement. The definitive therapy comprised excision of the cystic mass and postoperative medical treatment.

Discussion: Pterygopalatine fossa involvement is reported in three cases in the literature. In this report we represent a case with pterygopalatine fossa hydatid cyst extending into infratemporal fossa.

Conclusion: The hydatid cyst of infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossa is extremely rare. Possibility of hydatid cyst should not be ignored at the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions in head and neck region, especially in endemic areas.

Keywords: Echinococcosis; Hydatid cyst; Hydatid disease; Parasite; Pterygopalatine fossa.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Albendazole / therapeutic use
  • Anthelmintics / therapeutic use
  • Echinococcosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Echinococcosis / therapy
  • Endoscopy
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Pterygopalatine Fossa / diagnostic imaging*
  • Pterygopalatine Fossa / surgery
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Anthelmintics
  • Albendazole