iPrevent®: A Tailored, Web-Based, Decision Support Tool for Breast Cancer Risk Assessment and Management

Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016 Feb;156(1):171-82. doi: 10.1007/s10549-016-3726-y. Epub 2016 Feb 24.

Abstract

We aimed to develop a user-centered, web-based, decision support tool for breast cancer risk assessment and personalized risk management. Using a novel model choice algorithm, iPrevent(®) selects one of two validated breast cancer risk estimation models (IBIS or BOADICEA), based on risk factor data entered by the user. Resulting risk estimates are presented in simple language and graphic formats for easy comprehension. iPrevent(®) then presents risk-adapted, evidence-based, guideline-endorsed management options. Development was an iterative process with regular feedback from multidisciplinary experts and consumers. To verify iPrevent(®), risk factor data for 127 cases derived from the Australian Breast Cancer Family Study were entered into iPrevent(®), IBIS (v7.02), and BOADICEA (v3.0). Consistency of the model chosen by iPrevent(®) (i.e., IBIS or BOADICEA) with the programmed iPrevent(®) model choice algorithm was assessed. Estimated breast cancer risks from iPrevent(®) were compared with those attained directly from the chosen risk assessment model (IBIS or BOADICEA). Risk management interventions displayed by iPrevent(®) were assessed for appropriateness. Risk estimation model choice was 100 % consistent with the programmed iPrevent(®) logic. Discrepant 10-year and residual lifetime risk estimates of >1 % were found for 1 and 4 cases, respectively, none was clinically significant (maximal variation 1.4 %). Risk management interventions suggested by iPrevent(®) were 100 % appropriate. iPrevent(®) successfully integrates the IBIS and BOADICEA risk assessment models into a decision support tool that provides evidence-based, risk-adapted risk management advice. This may help to facilitate precision breast cancer prevention discussions between women and their healthcare providers.

Keywords: BRCA1; Breast cancer; Chemoprevention; Decision support; Risk.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Australia
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Models, Statistical
  • Precision Medicine
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • User-Computer Interface