Cryptosporidium species and Cryptosporidium parvum subtypes in dairy calves and goat kids reared under traditional farming systems in Turkey

Exp Parasitol. 2016 Nov:170:16-20. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2016.06.014. Epub 2016 Jun 30.


Molecular characterizations of Cryptosporidium spp. in ruminants reared under traditional animal management systems are scarce and studies conducted thus far have revealed largely an absence of the pathogenic and zoonotic species Cryptosporidium parvum in pre-weaned animals. In this study, we examined Cryptosporidium species and subtype distribution in free-range pre-weaned dairy calves and goat kids with diarrhea. Cryptosporidium-positive specimens from pre-weaned calves on 10 farms and goat kids on 4 farms in Ankara, Balikesir, Corum, Kirikkale, and Kirsehir Provinces, Turkey were genotyped by PCR-restriction length polymorphism analysis of the small subunit rRNA gene, which identified C. parvum in 27 calves and 9 goat kids and Cryptosporidium ryanae in 1 calf. Among the C. parvum isolates successfully subtyped by DNA sequence analysis of the 60 kDa glycoprotein gene, three subtypes were detected in calves, including IIaA13G2R1 (20/23), IIdA18G1 (2/23), and IIdA20G1b (1/23), and four subtypes were detected in goat kids, including IIaA13G2R1 (3/8), IIaA15G1R1 (2/8), IIdA22G1 (2/8), and IIdA18G1 (1/8). Data of the study suggest that dairy calves reared in a traditional cow-calf system in Turkey are mainly infected with a C. parvum subtype rarely seen elsewhere, whereas goat kids are infected with diverse subtypes. As all five C. parvum subtypes found in this study are known human pathogens, pre-weaned farm animals could play a potential role in the transmission of human cryptosporidiosis.

Keywords: Cattle; Cryptosporidiosis; Cryptosporidium; Genotype; Goat; Subtype; Turkey.

MeSH terms

  • Animal Husbandry / methods
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cattle Diseases / parasitology*
  • Cryptosporidiosis / epidemiology
  • Cryptosporidiosis / parasitology*
  • Cryptosporidium / classification*
  • Cryptosporidium / genetics
  • Cryptosporidium parvum / classification
  • Cryptosporidium parvum / genetics
  • DNA, Protozoan / chemistry
  • DNA, Protozoan / isolation & purification
  • Dairying / methods
  • Diarrhea / parasitology
  • Diarrhea / veterinary
  • Feces / parasitology
  • Genotype
  • Goat Diseases / epidemiology
  • Goat Diseases / parasitology*
  • Goats
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • RNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
  • RNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / veterinary
  • Turkey


  • DNA, Protozoan
  • RNA, Ribosomal