Involvement of the Golgi apparatus in sorting of materials to opposite ends of frog rod retinal photoreceptors

J Neurobiol. 1989 Apr;20(3):115-38. doi: 10.1002/neu.480200303.


We have studied the rod cells of retinas of Rana pipiens by phosphatase cytochemistry and immunocytochemistry. We find that the Golgi apparatus of these cells, although different in its intracellular distribution from that of other neurons, has a cis-trans organization like that of other neurons as regards morphological features and the distribution of phosphatase activities. Antibodies against opsin bind to several sacs of the rod Golgi apparatus, especially those at the trans side of the Golgi stack. This suggests that Golgi involvement in the packaging of opsin for eventual delivery to the photoreceptive outer segments of the cell involves passage through trans Golgi systems. Proteins destined for the opposite end of the cell--the presynaptic terminal--also seem to pass through trans Golgi systems, as is indicated both by immunocytochemical localization of the synaptic vesicle protein p38 (synaptophysin) and by the presence of thiamine pyrophosphatase activity in some of the synaptic vesicles. Our findings suggest that sorting of membrane proteins destined for opposite ends of the photoreceptor takes place in systems at or near the trans Golgi face.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Golgi Apparatus / physiology*
  • Golgi Apparatus / ultrastructure
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Photoreceptor Cells / physiology*
  • Photoreceptor Cells / ultrastructure
  • Rana pipiens
  • Retina / physiology
  • Retina / ultrastructure