MicroRNA annotation of plant genomes - Do it right or not at all

Bioessays. 2017 Feb;39(2). doi: 10.1002/bies.201600113. Epub 2017 Jan 5.


MicroRNAs are non-coding regulators of gene expression and key factors in development, disease, and targets for bioengineering. Consequently, microRNAs have become essential elements of already burgeoning draft plant genome descriptions where their annotation is often particularly poor, contributing unduly to the corruption of public databases. Using the Citrus sinensis as an example, we highlight and review common failings of miRNAome annotations. Understanding and exploiting the role of miRNAs in plant biology will be stymied unless the research community acts decisively to improve the accuracy of miRNAome annotations. We encourage genome annotation teams to do it right or not at all.

Keywords: Citrus; annotation; evolution; genome; miRBase; microRNA; mis-annotation; plant.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Citrus sinensis / genetics
  • Genome, Plant*
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • MicroRNAs*
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation*
  • Plants / genetics*


  • MicroRNAs