Precise observation of C. elegans dynamic behaviours under controlled thermal stimulus using a mobile phone-based microscope

J Microsc. 2017 Apr;266(1):28-34. doi: 10.1111/jmi.12513. Epub 2017 Jan 9.


We investigated the temperature-dependent locomotion of Caenorhabditis elegans by using the mobile phone-based microscope. We developed the customized imaging system with mini incubator and smartphone to effectively control the thermal stimulation for precisely observing the temperature-dependent locomotory behaviours of C. elegans. Using the mobile phone-based microscope, we successfully followed the long-term progress of specimens of C. elegans in real time as they hatched and explored their temperature-dependent locomotory behaviour. We are convinced that the mobile phone-based microscope is a useful device for real time and long-term observations of biological samples during incubation, and can make it possible to carry out live observations via wireless communications regardless of location. In addition, this microscope has the potential for widespread use owing to its low cost and compact design.

Keywords: Caenorhabditis elegans; locomotory behaviour; microscope; mobile phone; real-time detection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caenorhabditis elegans / physiology*
  • Caenorhabditis elegans / radiation effects*
  • Cell Phone*
  • Locomotion*
  • Optical Imaging / methods*
  • Remote Sensing Technology / methods*
  • Temperature