Karyotype Diversity in Doradidae (Siluriformes, Doradoidea) and Presence of the Heteromorphic ZZ/ZW Sex Chromosome System in the Family

Zebrafish. 2017 Jun;14(3):236-243. doi: 10.1089/zeb.2016.1368. Epub 2017 Feb 13.


Karyotypes and other chromosomal markers as revealed by conventional and molecular cytogenetic protocols in four species of the catfish family Doradidae from the Araguaia-Tocantins river basin, namely Hassar wilderi, Leptodoras cataniae, Tenellus leporhinus and Tenellus trimaculatus were examined. All species had diploid chromosome number 2n = 58 and karyotypes dominated by biarmed chromosomes, simple NOR phenotype, that is, one chromosome pair bearing this site in terminal position, but some differences in karyotypes and distribution of constitutive heterochromatin, position of rDNA sites. Such characteristics appeared species-specific. A ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system was found in Tenellus trimaculatus, resulting likely from the amplification of the heterochromatin, followed by a paracentric inversion. Our results confirmed low karyotype differentiation observed until now among representatives of this endemic catfish family.

Keywords: chromosomal evolution; chromosomal markers; fish cytogenetics; heterochromatin; rDNA-FISH.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Catfishes / classification
  • Catfishes / genetics*
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Female
  • Heterochromatin*
  • Karyotype
  • Karyotyping / methods
  • Karyotyping / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Sex Chromosomes / physiology*
  • Species Specificity


  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • Heterochromatin