Dopamine receptor agonists: mechanisms underlying autoreceptor selectivity. II. Theoretical considerations

J Neural Transm. 1985;62(3-4):171-207. doi: 10.1007/BF01252236.


In a companion article, we extensively reviewed the pharmacological actions of the enantiomers of the dopamine analogue 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-n-propylpiperidine, 3-PPP. The profiles of action exhibited by transdihydrolisuride (TDHL) and the trans-fused 7-OH-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,10-octahydrobenzo(f)quinoline (HW 165) were also described. These latter agents, along with (-)-3-PPP, exert a variety of effects at different DA receptors depending on the anatomical location of these receptor sites and the experimental conditions. In the first part of the present article, it is suggested that the intrinsic activity of these agents in different pharmacological models is dependent on the responsiveness of the relevant DA-receptors which, in turn, is related to the degree of previous agonist occupancy of these sites. In situations where these agents exhibit partial agonist activity, their pharmacological effect is also dependent on the relative concentrations of drug and endogenous DA competing for common receptor sites. A number of theoretical implications will be discussed relevant to the suggestion that DA receptors exist in various adaptational states which can influence drug action. In the second part of this review, we will consider the behavioural profile exhibited by (-)-3-PPP in relation to that observed with classical DA antagonists. In addition, the potential clinical application of (-)-3-PPP and similar-acting agents will be discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antipsychotic Agents / pharmacology
  • Apomorphine / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Behavior, Animal / drug effects
  • Corpus Striatum / drug effects
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis
  • Dextroamphetamine / pharmacology
  • Dopamine / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Isomerism
  • Lisuride / analogs & derivatives
  • Lisuride / pharmacology
  • Models, Neurological
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Motor Activity / drug effects
  • Nucleus Accumbens / drug effects
  • Piperidines / pharmacology*
  • Piperidines / therapeutic use
  • Pituitary Gland, Anterior / drug effects
  • Prolactin / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Dopamine / drug effects*
  • Substantia Nigra / drug effects
  • Synaptosomes / metabolism


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Piperidines
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • dironyl
  • Prolactin
  • preclamol
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Lisuride
  • Apomorphine
  • Dextroamphetamine
  • Dopamine