The effect of 1-deoxynojirimycin, a caloric restriction mimetic, was examined in ICR mice with azoxymethane dextran sodium sulfate-induced colorectal cancer. Azoxymethane is a carcinogen (10 mg/kg body weight), and 2% dextran sodium sulfate (w/v) used as a colitis-inducing agent. Mice were separated into 5 groups: a group without colorectal cancer fed a normal diet (CO- group), and groups with colorectal cancer fed a normal diet (CO+ group), a calorie-restricted diet (caloric restriction group), and diets including 0.02% and 0.1% 1-deoxynojirimycin (l-1-deoxynojirimycin and H-1-deoxynojirimycin groups). The tumor incidence and number were reduced significantly in the caloric restriction group compared to the CO+ group, and were also suppressed in a dose-dependent manner by 1-deoxynojirimycin. mRNA for anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 was decreased and that for pro-apoptotic Bax was increased in the carcinoma tissue of CR, l-1-deoxynojirimycin and H-1-deoxynojirimycin groups. These results suggest that caloric restriction and 1-deoxynojirimycin inhibit growth of colorectal cancer by inducing apoptosis in an induced cancer model in mice.
Keywords: 1-deoxynojirimycin; azoxymethane; caloric restriction; colorectal cancer; dextran sodium sulfate.