Antisecretory and antiulcer effect of the H2-receptor antagonist famotidine in the rat: comparison with ranitidine

Br J Pharmacol. 1987 Sep;92(1):153-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1987.tb11307.x.


1 The effects of the new H2-receptor antagonist famotidine, administered orally, on gastric secretion and emptying as well as on experimentally-induced gastric and duodenal ulcers were studied in the rat. Ranitidine was used as a reference compound. 2 Both compounds inhibited acid secretion in a dose-dependent manner. Calculated ED50 values were 0.80 and 6.84 mg kg-1 for famotidine and ranitidine, respectively. However, the duration of the antisecretory action was the same for both drugs. 3 The effect of the two drugs, administered at equiactive antisecretory doses, on gastric emptying was different. Ranitidine significantly accelerated the emptying rate whereas famotidine had no effect. 4 Famotidine reduced, in a dose-dependent manner, ulcer incidence in stomachs of dimaprit-treated rats and in duodena of cysteamine-treated animals with a potency respectively 2 and 7 times higher than that of ranitidine. 5 Famotidine is therefore an effective antisecretory and untiulcer compound. Its potency, but not its efficacy, is higher than that of ranitidine. Moreover, the duration of the antisecretory action is virtually the same for both drugs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents*
  • Duodenal Ulcer / chemically induced
  • Duodenal Ulcer / prevention & control
  • Famotidine
  • Female
  • Gastric Emptying / drug effects
  • Gastric Mucosa / drug effects
  • Gastric Mucosa / metabolism
  • Histamine H2 Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Ranitidine / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced
  • Stomach Ulcer / prevention & control
  • Thiazoles / pharmacology*


  • Anti-Ulcer Agents
  • Histamine H2 Antagonists
  • Thiazoles
  • Famotidine
  • Ranitidine