Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome: Bilateral Lower Extremity Involvement

Orthopedics. 2018 Mar 1;41(2):e295-e298. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20170918-10. Epub 2017 Sep 22.


Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a condition in which compression of the popliteal neurovascular structures results in symptoms of lower extremity claudication by way of a constricting anatomic structure or a hypertrophied surrounding musculature. This diagnosis is often missed or misdiagnosed because popliteal artery entrapment syndrome has a presentation similar to that of exertional compartment syndrome. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome may result in persistent disability or unnecessary morbidity or prevent athletes' return to sport. A female collegiate athlete presented with bilateral popliteal artery entrapment syndrome. She had successful surgical treatment and returned to a high level of sport. This article describes popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, emphasizes the importance of a thorough history and physical examination to elucidate the diagnosis, and provides information that may lead to the identification of individuals who will benefit from surgical intervention. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(2):e295-e298.].

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / complications
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / surgery
  • Compartment Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intermittent Claudication / etiology
  • Lower Extremity / blood supply
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods
  • Popliteal Artery / diagnostic imaging*
  • Popliteal Artery / surgery
  • Return to Sport
  • Sports
  • Syndrome
  • Ultrasonography
  • Young Adult