[Diabetes Mellitus, a prothrombotic disease]

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris). 2017 Dec;66(6):385-392. doi: 10.1016/j.ancard.2017.10.011. Epub 2017 Oct 27.
[Article in French]


In patients with acute atherothrombotic disease, diabetes or glucose intolerance is frequently found. Indeed, the number of people with diabetes in the world continues to increase and is expected to reach more than 500 million people by 2035. Diabetes is a pathology commonly associated with both microvascular and macrovascular complications. Although the mortality of coronary artery disease has decreased significantly over the past 20 years, mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes has changed little and atherothrombotic events remain the leading cause of death in diabetic patients. Although our understanding of vascular pathology has greatly evolved in recent years, the cellular and molecular mechanisms linking thrombogenicity and diabetes remain incompletely understood. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are prothrombotic pathologies. This prothrombotic state is due to both hyperglycemia and chronic hyperinsulinism. Among the different agonists involved in the increased thrombogenicity of diabetic patients, abnormalities can be found in all phases of coagulation. Increased procoagulant factors and tissue factor associated with impaired fibrinolysis, platelet hyperreactivity, endothelial dysfunction, leukocyte activation, low-grade inflammation, and microparticle involvement, they all play a role in the establishment of this prothrombotic condition. This review sought to provide an update on the prothrombotic nature of diabetes and its consequences in therapeutics.

Keywords: Atherothrombosis; Athérothrombose; Diabetes mellitus; Diabète; Prothrombotic state; État prothrombotique.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Atherosclerosis / blood*
  • Atherosclerosis / pathology
  • Body Mass Index
  • Coronary Artery Disease / blood*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / pathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / pathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Humans
  • Thrombosis / blood*
  • Thrombosis / pathology