Dietary Management of Obesity: Cornerstones of Healthy Eating Patterns

Med Clin North Am. 2018 Jan;102(1):107-124. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2017.08.009.


Several dietary patterns, both macronutrient and food based, can lead to weight loss. A key strategy for weight management that can be applied across dietary patterns is to reduce energy density. Clinical trials show that reducing energy density is effective for weight loss and weight loss maintenance. A variety of practical strategies and tools can help facilitate successful weight management by reducing energy density, providing portion control, and improving diet quality. The flexibility of energy density gives patients options to tailor and personalize their dietary pattern to reduce energy intake for sustainable weight loss.

Keywords: Dietary patterns; Dietary strategies; Energy density; Satiety; Weight management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Counseling / organization & administration
  • Diet, Reducing / statistics & numerical data*
  • Disease Management
  • Energy Intake
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Education / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Weight Loss