The impact of computed high b-value images on the diagnostic accuracy of DWI for prostate cancer: A receiver operating characteristics analysis

Sci Rep. 2018 Feb 21;8(1):3409. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-21523-6.


To evaluate the performance of computed high b value diffusion-weighted images (DWI) in prostate cancer detection. 97 consecutive patients who had undergone multiparametric MRI of the prostate followed by biopsy were reviewed. Five radiologists independently scored 138 lesions on native high b-value images (b = 1200 s/mm2), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps, and computed high b-value images (contrast equivalent to b = 2000 s/mm2) to compare their diagnostic accuracy. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and McNemar's test were performed to assess the relative performance of computed high b value DWI, native high b-value DWI and ADC maps. No significant difference existed in the area under the curve (AUC) for ROCs comparing B1200 (b = 1200 s/mm2) to computed B2000 (c-B2000) in 5 readers. In 4 of 5 readers c-B2000 had significantly increased sensitivity and/or decreased specificity compared to B1200 (McNemar's p < 0.05), at selected thresholds of interpretation. ADC maps were less accurate than B1200 or c-B2000 for 2 of 5 readers (P < 0.05). This study detected no consistent improvement in overall diagnostic accuracy using c-B2000, compared with B1200 images. Readers detected more cancer with c-B2000 images (increased sensitivity) but also more false positive findings (decreased specificity).

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Area Under Curve
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Image-Guided Biopsy / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prostate / diagnostic imaging
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • ROC Curve
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity