CDK4/6 inhibitors are being used to treat a variety of human malignancies. In well-differentiated and dedifferentiated liposarcoma their clinical promise is associated with their ability to downregulate the MDM2 protein. The downregulation of MDM2 following treatment with CDK4/6 inhibitors also induces many cultured tumor cell lines derived from different types of malignancies to progress from quiescence into senescence. Here we used cultured human cell lines and defined a role for PDLIM7 and CDH18, regulating MDM2 protein in CDK4/6 inhibitor-treated cells. Materials from our previous phase II trials with palbociclib were then used to demonstrate that expression of CDH18 protein was associated with response, measured as both progression-free survival and overall survival. This supports the hypothesis that the biologic transition from quiescence to senescence has clinical relevance for this class of drugs.