Characterization of 3'----5' exonuclease associated with DNA polymerase of silkworm nuclear polyhedrosis virus

Nucleic Acids Res. 1986 May 12;14(9):3841-57. doi: 10.1093/nar/14.9.3841.


3'----5' Exonuclease specific for single-stranded DNA copurified with DNA polymerase of nuclear polyhedrosis virus of silkworm Bombyx mori (BmNPV Pol). BmNPV Pol has no detectable 5'----3' exonuclease activity on single-stranded or duplex DNA. Analysis of the products of 3'----5' exonucleolytic reaction showed that deoxynucleoside monophosphates were released during the hydrolysis of single-stranded DNA. The exonuclease activity cosedimented with the polymerase activity during ultracentrifugation of BmNPV Pol in glycerol gradient. The polymerase and the exonuclease activities of BmNPV Pol were inactivated by heat with nearly identical kinetics. The mode of the hydrolysis of single-stranded DNA by BmNPV Pol-associated exonuclease was strictly distributive. The enzyme dissociated from single-stranded DNA after the release of a single dNMP and then reassociated with a next polynucleotide being degradated.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bombyx
  • DNA, Single-Stranded / metabolism
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / isolation & purification
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Exonucleases / metabolism*
  • Hot Temperature
  • Insect Viruses / enzymology*
  • Kinetics
  • Substrate Specificity


  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • Exonucleases