Rapid formation of inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate and inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate in rat parotid glands may both result indirectly from receptor-stimulated release of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate from phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate

Biochem J. 1986 Sep 1;238(2):507-16. doi: 10.1042/bj2380507.


Addition of 1 mM-carbachol to [3H]inositol-labelled rat parotid slices stimulated rapid formation of [3H]inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate, the accumulation of which reached a peak 20 s after stimulation, and then declined rapidly towards a new steady state. The initial rate of formation of inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate was slower than that for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. The radioactivity in [3H]inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate fell quickly in carbachol-stimulated and then atropine-blocked parotid slices, suggesting that it is rapidly metabolized during stimulation. Parotid homogenates rapidly dephosphorylated inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate and, less rapidly, inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate. Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate was specifically hydrolysed to a compound with the chromatographic properties of inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate. The only 3H-labelled phospholipids that we could detect in parotid slices labelled with [3H]inositol for 90 min were phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Parotid homogenates synthesized inositol tetrakisphosphate from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. This activity was dependent on the presence of ATP. We suggest that, during carbachol stimulation of parotid slices, the key event in inositol lipid metabolism is the activation of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-specific phospholipase C. The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate thus liberated is metabolized in two distinct ways; by direct hydrolysis of the 5-phosphate to form inositol 1,4-bisphosphate and by phosphorylation to form inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate and hence, by hydrolysis of this tetrakisphosphate, to form inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium Channels*
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Hydrolysis
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate
  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors
  • Inositol Phosphates / metabolism*
  • Parotid Gland / drug effects
  • Parotid Gland / metabolism*
  • Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Diphosphate
  • Phosphatidylinositols / metabolism*
  • Phospholipids / metabolism
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)*
  • Phosphotransferases / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear*
  • Sugar Phosphates / metabolism*


  • Calcium Channels
  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors
  • Inositol Phosphates
  • Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Diphosphate
  • Phosphatidylinositols
  • Phospholipids
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Sugar Phosphates
  • inositol-1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate
  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate
  • Carbachol
  • Phosphotransferases
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase