Effect of exercise hemoconcentration and hyperosmolality on exercise responses

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1988 Aug;65(2):519-24. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1988.65.2.519.


We investigated the effects of a decrease in plasma volume (PV) and an increase in plasma osmolality during exercise on circulatory and thermoregulatory responses. Six subjects cycled at approximately 65% of their maximum O2 uptake in a warm environment (30 degrees C, 40% relative humidity). After 30 min of control (C) exercise (no infusion), PV decreased 13.0%, or 419 +/- 106 (SD) ml, heart rate (HR) increased to 167 +/- 3 beats/min, and esophageal temperature (Tes) rose to 38.19 +/- 0.09 degrees C (SE). During infusion studies (INF), infusates were started after 10 min of exercise. The infusates contained 5% albumin suspended in 0.45, 0.9, or 3.0% saline. The volume of each infusate was adjusted so that during the last 10 min of exercise PV was maintained at the preexercise level and osmolality was allowed to differ. HR was significantly lower (10-16 beats/min) during INF than during C. Tes was reduced significantly during INF, with trends for increased skin blood flow and decreased sweating rates. No significant differences in HR, Tes, or sweating rate occurred between the three infusion conditions. We conclude that the decrease in PV, which normally accompanies moderate cycle exercise, compromises circulatory and thermal regulations. Increases in osmolality appear to have small if any effects during such short-term exercise.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Body Temperature Regulation*
  • Female
  • Heart Rate*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Plasma / physiology*
  • Plasma Volume*
  • Time Factors
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance