FURIN Expression in Vascular Endothelial Cells Is Modulated by a Coronary Artery Disease-Associated Genetic Variant and Influences Monocyte Transendothelial Migration

J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Feb 18;9(4):e014333. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.119.014333. Epub 2020 Feb 11.


Background Genome-wide association studies have shown an association between the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs17514846 on chromosome 15q26.1 and coronary artery disease susceptibility. The underlying biological mechanism is, however, not fully understood. rs17514846 is located in the FES Upstream Region (FURIN) gene, which is expressed in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). We investigated whether rs17514846 has an influence on FURIN expression in ECs and whether FURIN affects EC behavior. Methods and Results Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that cultured vascular ECs from individuals carrying the coronary artery disease risk allele of rs17514846 had higher FURIN expression than cells from noncarriers. In support, luciferase reporter analyses in ECs indicated that the risk allele had higher transcriptional activity than the nonrisk allele. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays using EC nuclear protein extracts detected a DNA-protein complex with allele-specific differential binding of a nuclear protein. Knockdown of FURIN in ECs reduced endothelin-1 secretion, nuclear factor-κB activity, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and MCP1 (monocyte chemotactic protein-1) expression and monocyte-endothelial adhesion and transmigration. A population-based study showed an association of the rs17514846 risk allele with higher circulating MCP1 levels and greater carotid intima-media thickness. Conclusions The coronary artery disease risk variant at the 15q26.1 locus modulates FURIN expression in vascular ECs. FURIN levels in ECs affect monocyte-endothelial adhesion and migration.

Keywords: FURIN; coronary artery disease; endothelial cells; single‐nucleotide polymorphism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carotid Intima-Media Thickness
  • Chemokine CCL2 / metabolism
  • Coronary Artery Disease / genetics*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / metabolism
  • Coronary Artery Disease / pathology
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / pathology
  • Female
  • Furin / genetics*
  • Furin / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monocytes / physiology*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Transendothelial and Transepithelial Migration / physiology*
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / metabolism


  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
  • FURIN protein, human
  • Furin