The Use of Synthetic Mesh in Reconstructive, Revision, and Cosmetic Breast Surgery

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2020 Aug;44(4):1120-1127. doi: 10.1007/s00266-020-01822-y. Epub 2013 Jul 17.


Background: Recent evidence suggests that the use of acellular dermal matrices in prosthetic breast reconstruction, revision, or augmentation may be associated with an increased risk of complications. In this article we report our results of a potential alternative, using a new long-term resorbable synthetic matrix in these cases.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed evaluating 11 primary breast reconstructions (19 breasts), 43 secondary reconstructions (77 breasts), 3 augmentation/augmentation mastopexys (6 breasts), and 5 mastopexys (10 breasts) in 62 patients using TIGR® Matrix Surgical Mesh.

Results: Follow-up ranged from 9.4 to 26.1 months with an average follow-up of 16.5 months. Average age was 54 years. The number of patients who had prior radiation was 9 (14.5 %). Four patients (6.5 %) were smokers. Postoperative breast complications included necrosis of two flaps (1.8 %), two seromas requiring drainage (1.8 %), four infection/extrusions (3.6 %), two relapses of inframammary fold/malposition (1.8 %), and two with rippling (1.8 %). Other complications included six cases of asymmetry that required a corrective procedure. In a variety of breast surgery cases very good aesthetic results were achieved.

Conclusion: The long-term absorbable synthetic matrix, TIGR® Matrix Surgical Mesh, shows potential when used as temporary reinforcement in patients undergoing breast reconstruction or breast surgery revisions and in primary aesthetic procedures, and it appears to be a viable alternative to the use of acellular dermal matrices.

Level of evidence iv: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors .

Keywords: Absorbable synthetic surgical mesh; Acellular dermal matrix; Long-term resorbable surgical mesh; Reconstructive breast surgery; TIGR® Matrix Surgical Mesh; Tissue expander implant breast surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Breast Implantation*
  • Breast Implants*
  • Breast Neoplasms*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Mammaplasty* / adverse effects
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Mesh
  • Treatment Outcome