Between 1996 and 2020, 12,565 cases were enrolled in the German Registry of Pituitary Tumors including 10,084 PitNETs (10,067 adenomas and 19 carcinomas obtained surgically and 193 adenomas diagnosed at autopsy) as well as 69 spindle cell tumors of the neurohypophysis (64 surgical specimens and 5 autopsies). In six patients (1 post mortem and 5 surgical specimens), PitNETs as well as posterior lobe tumors were found in the specimens. Two of the PitNETs were sparsely granulated prolactin-producing tumors, combined in one case with a granular cell tumor and in one case with a pituicytoma. One of the PitNETs revealed that autopsy was a sparsely granulated GH tumor combined with a neurohypophyseal granular cell tumor. Two PitNETs were null cell adenomas combined with a pituicytoma and a spindle cell oncocytoma, respectively. Further, one Crooke cell tumor was combined with a spindle cell oncocytoma. In five cases, the PitNETs were larger than the posterior lobe tumors and accounted for the clinical symptoms. Previously, four cases of co-existing pituitary anterior and posterior lobe tumors were described in the literature, comprising two ACTH PitNETs, one gonadotrophic PitNET and one null cell PitNET, each in combination with a pituicytoma. PitNETs and concomitant granular cell tumor or spindle cell oncocytoma, as observed in our cohort, have not been reported before.
Keywords: Granular cell tumor; Neurohypophysis; Pituicytoma; Pituitary-adenoma PitNET; Spindle cell oncocytoma.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.